centos 7.6 双网卡绑定 teaming 实现 mod=1 activebackup 主备模式

os: centos 7.6

centos7中双网卡绑定除了 bonding 技术外,还能使用 teaming 技术,配置也挺方便。

本次使用的工作方式为 activebackup - 主备模式

有多种模式runner

broadcast

roundrobin

activebackup

loadbalance

lacp (implements the 802.3ad Link Aggregation Control、Protocol)

网络接口

enp0s8,enp0s9不需要配置ip

# nmtui-edit 

# ifup enp0s8;ifup enp0s9;

# nmcli dev
DEVICE  TYPE      STATE                                  CONNECTION 
enp0s3  ethernet  connected                              enp0s3     
enp0s8  ethernet  connecting (getting IP configuration)  enp0s8     
enp0s9  ethernet  connecting (getting IP configuration)  enp0s9     
lo      loopback  unmanaged                              --    

# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:23:94:42 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.2.25/24 brd 10.0.2.255 scope global noprefixroute dynamic enp0s3
       valid_lft 1174sec preferred_lft 1174sec
3: enp0s8: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:dd:ce:b1 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
4: enp0s9: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:74:1a:f4 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

创建 team 类型的接口 team0,模式为 activebackup

# nmcli con show
NAME    UUID                                  TYPE      DEVICE 
enp0s3  54fe5543-f63f-48eb-ad29-48205128e109  ethernet  enp0s3 
enp0s8  c155dffa-104a-48ad-bacd-38c461439cb3  ethernet  enp0s8 
enp0s9  3c7a84a7-154f-36a0-8673-dee2366614c4  ethernet  enp0s9 


# nmcli con add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner":{"name":"activebackup"}}'
Connection 'team0' (10992833-122e-4cb7-9808-77b68af04fdb) successfully added.

# nmcli con show
NAME    UUID                                  TYPE      DEVICE 
enp0s3  54fe5543-f63f-48eb-ad29-48205128e109  ethernet  enp0s3 
enp0s8  c155dffa-104a-48ad-bacd-38c461439cb3  ethernet  enp0s8 
enp0s9  3c7a84a7-154f-36a0-8673-dee2366614c4  ethernet  enp0s9 
team0   10992833-122e-4cb7-9808-77b68af04fdb  team      team0 

添加物理网卡到 team0

# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port1 ifname enp0s8 master team0
Connection 'team0-port1' (0320bf56-1987-4b34-8b34-fa0790813d12) successfully added.

# nmcli con add type team-slave con-name team0-port2 ifname enp0s9 master team0
Connection 'team0-port2' (5833b612-8904-4501-8b4c-391174469d76) successfully added.

配置ip地址及网管,dns

# nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.address '192.168.56.119/24';
nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.gateway '192.168.56.1';
nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.method manual;
nmcli con modify team0 connection.autoconnect yes
nmcli con up team0;

nmcli con modify team0 ipv4.dns "8.8.8.8";

查看网络配置文件

# ls -l /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ |grep -i team0

-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   390 Aug  2 11:14 ifcfg-team0
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   122 Aug  2 11:13 ifcfg-team0-port1
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   122 Aug  2 11:14 ifcfg-team0-port2

重启网络服务

# nmcli con show
NAME         UUID                                  TYPE      DEVICE 
enp0s3       54fe5543-f63f-48eb-ad29-48205128e109  ethernet  enp0s3 
team0        10992833-122e-4cb7-9808-77b68af04fdb  team      team0  
team0-port1  0320bf56-1987-4b34-8b34-fa0790813d12  ethernet  enp0s8 
team0-port2  5833b612-8904-4501-8b4c-391174469d76  ethernet  enp0s9 
enp0s8       c155dffa-104a-48ad-bacd-38c461439cb3  ethernet  --     
enp0s9       3c7a84a7-154f-36a0-8673-dee2366614c4  ethernet  --


# teamdctl team0 state
setup:
  runner: activebackup
ports:
  enp0s8
    link watches:
      link summary: up
      instance[link_watch_0]:
        name: ethtool
        link: up
        down count: 0
  enp0s9
    link watches:
      link summary: up
      instance[link_watch_0]:
        name: ethtool
        link: up
        down count: 0
runner:
  active port: enp0s8


查看网卡

# ip a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
    inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
2: enp0s3: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:23:94:42 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 10.0.2.25/24 brd 10.0.2.255 scope global noprefixroute dynamic enp0s3
       valid_lft 1096sec preferred_lft 1096sec
3: enp0s8: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master team0 state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:dd:ce:b1 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
4: enp0s9: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast master team0 state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:dd:ce:b1 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
6: team0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 08:00:27:dd:ce:b1 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 192.168.56.119/24 brd 192.168.56.255 scope global noprefixroute team0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

故障验证

打开一个窗口一直 ping

来自 192.168.56.119 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.56.119 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.56.119 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.56.119 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.56.119 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64
来自 192.168.56.119 的回复: 字节=32 时间<1ms TTL=64

vmware 移除虚拟机的网卡 enp0s8

# teamdctl team0 state
setup:
  runner: activebackup
ports:
  enp0s8
    link watches:
      link summary: down
      instance[link_watch_0]:
        name: ethtool
        link: down
        down count: 0
  enp0s9
    link watches:
      link summary: up
      instance[link_watch_0]:
        name: ethtool
        link: up
        down count: 0
runner:
  active port: enp0s9

显示的 enp0s8 为 down, runner = enp0s9



参考:
https://blog.csdn.net/woodrow1994/article/details/79412340
https://www.cnblogs.com/heaven-xi/p/9559551.html
https://www.cnblogs.com/weijie0717/p/6910600.html

team 选项

# teamnl team0 options

删除 team

# nmcli con del team0 team0-port1 team0-port2

断开 team-slave

# nmcli dev dis enp0s8
# nmcli dev con enp0s8

# nmcli con add type team con-name CNAME ifname INAME [config JSON]

JSON语法格式如下:’{“runner”:{“name”:“METHOD”}}’

METHOD 是以下的其中一个:broadcast、activebackup、roundrobin、loadbalance 或者 lacp。

roundrobin - 轮询模式

# nmcli con add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner":{"name": "roundrobin"}}'

activebackup - 主备模式

# nmcli con add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner":{"name":"activebackup"}}'

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